Post-Modern Challenges for Modern Warriors
John Kiszely. Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, December 2007 (.pdf file).
New Challenges and Old Concepts: Understanding 21st Century Insurgency
Steven Metz. Parameters, Winter 2007-08 (.pdf file).
Irregular Warfare: One Nature, Many Characters
Colin S. Gray. Strategic Studies Quarterly, Winter 2007 (.pdf file).
Irregular Warfare and Non-State Combatants: Israel and Hezbollah
George Emile Irani. Comment, October 2007. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).
Irregular Warfare: Air Force Doctrine Document 2-3
U.S. Air Force, 01 August 2007 (.pdf file).
On Boyd, Bin Laden and Fourth Generation Warfare as String Theory
Col. Frans Osinga. Excerpt from John Olson, ed. "On New Wars," 26 June 2007.
Fourth Generation War: Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Marine Corps
Bill Lind. Defense and the National Interest, June 2007 (.pdf file).
Steven Metz. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, June 2007 (.pdf file).
Asymmetrical Threat Concept and Its Reflections on International Security
Michael Rubin. Presentation to the Strategic Research and Study Center under the Turkish General Staff, Istanbul, 31 May 2007 (.pdf file).
Iraq and the Americas: 3 Gen Gangs Lessons and Prospects
Robert J. Bunker and John P. Sullivan. Small Wars Journal, May 2007 (.pdf file).
Fourth Generation Warfare Evolves: Fifth Emerges
Col. T.X. Hammes. Military Review, May/June 2007. Posted on the Defense and the National Interest website (.pdf file).
Obsolete Weapons, Unconventional Tactics, and Martyrdom Zeal: How Iran Would Apply its Asymmetric Naval Warfare Doctrine in a Future Conflict
Jahangir Arasli. George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, April 2007 (.pdf file).
Why Victory Became Defeat in Iraq
Ivan Arreguin-Toft. Neiman Watchdog, 30 March 2007.
How a Superpower Can End Up Losing to the Little Guys
Ivan Arrequin-Toft. Nieman Watchdog, 23 March 2007.
Intelligence Community Perspective on the Maturing URW Threat
Mathew J. Burrows. Unrestricted Warfare Symposium Proceedings, 20-21 March 2007 (.pdf file).
The Achilles' Heel of Analysts
Michael Bauman. Unrestricted Warfare Symposium Proceedings, 20-21 March 2007 (.pdf file).
Economic Analysis and Unrestricted Warfare
Gary M. Shiffman. Unrestricted Warfare Symposium Proceedings, 20-21 March 2007 (.pdf file).
Beating Goliath: Why Insurgents Win (and Lose)
Jeffrey Record. U.S. Army War College, January 2007 (.pdf file).
Warfare in the Age of Non-State Actors: Implications for the US Army
Proceedings of the Combat Studies Institute Military History Symposium, 2007 (.pdf file).
Irregular Warfare Special Study
Joint WarFighting Center, 04 August 2006 (.pdf file).
Future of the U.S. Special Operations Command and the War on Terror
Max Boot. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. House of Representatives, 29 June 2006.
Cyber-Mobilization: The New Levee en Masse
Audrey Kurth Cronin. Parameters, Summer 2006.
Thoughts on the Meaning of 'Asymmetric Threats'
C.A. Primmerman. Lincoln Laboratories, MIT, 08 March 2006 (.pdf file).
Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy: Can the American Way of War Adapt?
Colin S. Gray. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, March 2006 (.pdf file).
Security: Power To The People
John Robb. Fast Company, March 2006.
4th Generation Warfare
Capt. John W. Bellflower. Small Wars Journal, February 2006.
Networked Power: Insurgents versus 'Big Army'
Hekmat Karzai and Paul T. Mitchell. Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, Singapore, 27 January 2006 (.pdf file).
Critics of the Fourth Generation: the Good, the Bad and the Ugly
William S. Lind. Defense and the National Interest, 10 January 2006.
Man-Hunting, Nexus Topography, Dark Networks and Small Worlds
John R. Dodson. Iosphere, Winter 2006 (.pdf file).
The Evolution of Conflict: 4th Generation Warfare Chart.
Chet Richards. Defense and the National Interest, 28 December 2005. (NOTE: Will open as a Powerpoint presentation.)
William S. Lind. Defense and the National Interest, 01 December 2005.
Why the Strong Lose
Jeffrey Record. Parameters, Winter 2005 (.pdf file).
Fourth-Generation War and Other Myths
Antulio J. Echevarria II. Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College, November 2005 (.pdf file).
4GW - Myth, or the Future of Warfare? A Reply to Echevarria
John Sayen. Defense and the National Interest, November 2005.
Matrix Warfare: The New Face of Competition and Conflict in the 21st Century
J. Noel Williams. Small Wars Journal, 06 August 2005 (.pdf file).
Learning to Adapt to Asymmetric Threats
John C.F. Tillson et al. Institute for Defense Analyses, August 2005. Posted on the Defense and the National Interest website (.pdf file).
Ten Best 4GW Books by Anthony Lind
Anthony A. Lukin. Defense & the National Interest, 23 July 2005.
Fourth Generation Warfare and the Information Arrow
Greg Wilcox. Defense & the National Interest, 05 July 2005 (.doc file).
From Old Wars to New Wars and Global Terrorism
N. Johnson et al. Documentos de Economía, Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá, 29 June 2005.
Fourth Generation War , Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Marine Corps
Posted on Defense & the National Interest website, 10 June 2005 (.doc file).
Center of Gravity and Asymmetric Conflict: Factoring in Culture
John W. Jandora. Joint Force Quarterly, Summer 2005 (.pdf file).
Achieving Total War Goals With a Limited War Force: Convincing the Enemy to Accept Defeat
Joseph McCallion, Jr. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 26 May 2005 (.pdf file).
The Virtual Hand of Jihad
Scott Atran. Terrorism Monitor, Volume 3, 19 May 2005.
The War Ahead And The Way Ahead
Charles K. Bartles, Lester W. Grau and Jacob W. Kipp. Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, April 2005.
Rethinking Innovation: Disruptive Technology and Strategic Response
Terry C. Pierce. Strategic Insights, Volume IV, Issue 4. Center for Contemporary Conflict, April 2005 (.pdf file).
The Cruise Missile Challenge
Thomas G. Mahnken. Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, March 2005.
Reconsidering Asymmetric Warfare
Steven J. Lambakis. Joint Force Quarterly, 02 February 2005 (.pdf file).
The Problem with 4th Generation Warfare
Antulio J. Echevarria II. Strategic Studies Institute, February 2005 (.pdf file).
Militia: The Dominant Defensive Force in 21st Century 4GW
Fabius Maximus. Defense and the National Interest, 2005 (.pdf file).
4GW - Myth, or the Future of Warfare?
John Sayen. Defense and the National Interest, 2005.
Ontological-Cultural Asymmetry and the Relevance of Grand Strategies
Joseph Henrotin and Tanguy Struye de Swielande. Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, Winter 2004 (.pdf file).
Understanding Fourth Generation War
William S. Lind. Small Wars Journal, September 2004.
Something Old, Something New: Guerrillas, Terrorists, and Intelligence Analysis
Lt. Col. Lester W. Grau. Military Review, July-August 2004 (.pdf file).
The War in Iraq: The Nature of Insurgency Warfare
Andrew Krepinevich. Center for Strategic & Budgetary Studies, 02 June 2004 (.pdf file).
More Thoughts from the 4th Generation Seminar
William S. Lind. Military.com, 16 January 2004.
Phase Four Operations in Iraq and the RPG-7
George J. Mordica. Defense & the National Interest, November-December 2003.
Is America Inside its Own OODA Loop in Afghanistan and Iraq
Chuck Spinney. Defense & the National Interest, 29 October 2003.
Fourth Generation Warfare: How Tactics of the Weak Confound the Strong
GI Wilson, John P. Sullivan, and Hal Kempfer. Military.Com, 8 September 2003. Posted with commentary by Chuck Spinney on the Defense and the National Interest web site, 10 September 2003.
Rethinking Asymmetric Threats
Stephen J. Blank. Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, September 2003. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).
A How-To Manual: A Century of Small Wars Shows They Can Be Won
Max Boot. New York Times, 6 July 2003. Posted on the Council of Foreign Relations web site.
Doctrine for Asymmetric Warfare
Col. Clinton J. Ancker III and Lt. Col. Michael D. Burke. Military Review, July-August 2003 (.pdf file).
Doctrine for Asymmetric Warfare
Military Review, July - August 2003 (.pdf file).
Unorthodox Thoughts about Asymmetric Warfare
Montgomery C. Meigs. Parameters, Summer 2003. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).
A Model for Modern Nonlinear Noncontiguous Operations: The War in Burma, 1943 to 1945
Major John Atkins RLC. US Army Command & General Staff College, June 2003. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).
Urban Operations Journal
U.S. Department of Defense
Chechnya: Russia's Experience of Asymmetrical Warfare
Ivan Safranchuk. Terrorism Project, Center for Defense Information, 19 November 2002.
Mark Krikorian Asymmetrical Warfare and Immigration
Mark Krikorian. The National Interest, 16 October 2002.
41 Why Great Powers Fight Small Wars Badly
Robert M. Cassidy. Military Review, September - October 2002.
Bury Cold War Mindset: Fourth Generation Warfare Rewrites Military Strategy
Vice Adm. Jack Shanahan, et. al. Defense News, 5-11 August 2002. Posted on the Military Reform Project, Center for Defense Information website.
Fighting the New War
Bruce Berkowitz. Hoover Digest, Summer 2002.
Fourth Generation Warfare
Greg Wilcox and Gary I. Wilson. Boyd Conference. Defense and the
National Interest, 8 July 2002.
Cruise Missile Proliferation
Christopher Bolkcom and Sharon Squassoni. Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, 3 July 2002. Posted on the FAS website.
The Threats America Faces
John Newhouse. World Policy Journal, Summer 2002.
Chaos as Strategy
P.H. Liotta. Parameters, Summer 2002.
What's So Special about Special Operations? Lessons from the War in Afghanistan
Col. John Jogerst. Aerospace Power Journal, Summer 2002.
Asymmetries and Consequences
Richard Szafranski. Presented at "The Glocal Strategy", a conference sponsored by the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the Castle of San Martino, Priverno Italy, 17 May 2002. Posted on the Defense and the National Interest website.
Military Response to Fourth
Generation Warfare in Afghanistan
Greg Wilcox and Gary I. Wilson. Defense and the National
Interest, 5 May 2002.
Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain
Chemical and Biological Defense Information
Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office
Thinking Asymmetrically in Times of Terror
Colin S. Gray. Parameters, Spring 2002.
Modern Military Threats: Not All They Might Seem?
Paul Mann. Aviation Week and Space Technology, 22 April 2002.
Globalization and Asymmetrical Warfare
William J. Hartman. Air Command and Staff College, Air University, April 2002. Posted on the Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base website (.pdf file).
A Much Less Explosive Trend
Joseph Cirincione. Washington Post, 10 March 2002.
Conduct of War Is Redefined by Success of Special Forces
Thom Shanker. New York Times, 21 Jan 2002. Posted on the Rowan University website.
Street Smart: Intelligence
Preparation of the Battlefield for Urban Operations
Jamison Jo Medby and Russell W. Glenn. RAND, 2002.
Ready for Armageddon: Proceedings of the 2001 RAND Arroyo-Joint ACTD-CETO-USMC Nonlethal and Urban Operations Program Urban Operations Conference
Russell Glenn, et. al. RAND, 2002.
Coralling the Trojan Horse: A Proposal for Improving U.S. Urban Operations Preparedness in the Period 2000-2025
Russell W. Glenn, et al. RAND, June 2001.
Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime, and Militancy
John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt. RAND, 2001.
Foreign Missile Developments and the Ballistic Missile Threat Through 2015
National Intelligence Council. Central Intelligence Agency, December 2001.
US Warplanes Vulnerable To Shoulder-Fired Missiles
Sandra I. Erwin. National Defense Magazine, December 2001.
Jason Vest. The Atlantic Monthly, December 2001.
Countering the New Asymmetric Threats
Rep. Ellen Tausher. Blueprint Magazine, 15 November 2001. New Democrats Online.
Counterinsurgency and the Conflicts in Afghanistan and Vietnam
Henry J. Kenny. Special Forum #35. Nautilus Institute, 2 November 2001.
Biotechnology and the Future of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
Fact Sheet. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, November 2001.
Disease by Design: De-mystifying the Biological Weapons Debate
Michael Crowley. Basic Publications, November 2001.
Warfighting, Brought to You By...
Maj. Jeffrey L. Cowan. Proceedings, November 2001. Posted on Defense and the National Interest website.
Two fronts: Unconventional forces for an unconventional war
Larry M. Wortzel. San Diego Tribune, 28 October 2001. Posted on the Heritage Foundation website.
Is The U.S. Military Ready To Take On A Non-Conventional Terror Threat?
Elaine M. Grossman. Inside The Pentagon, 18 October 2001. Posted on Defense and the National Interest website.
Special Operations Forces in Operation Enduring Freedom: Background and Issues for Congress
Edward F. Bruner, et al. Congressional Research Service, 15 October 2001.
Fourth-Generation Warfare Is Here
Harold A. Gould and Franklin C. Spinney. Defense and National Interest, 15 October 2001.
Key Review Offers Scant Guidance On Handling '4th Generation' Threats
Elaine M. Grossman. Inside the Pentagon, 4 October 2001. Posted on Defense and the National Interest website.
Soldiers in Cities: Military Operations on Urban Terrain
Michael C. Desch. Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, October 2001.
Preparing for Asymmetry: As Seen Through the Lens of Joint Vision 2020
Melissa Applegate. Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, September 2001.
Special Operations Forces after Kosovo
Charles J. Dunlap Jr. Joint Force Quarterly, Spring/Summer 2001.
How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict
Ivan Arreguin-Toft. International Security, Summer 2001. Posted on the Standford University website.
How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict
Ivan Arreguān-Toft. International Security, Summer 2001. Posted on the Albion College website.
Hacker Warriors: Rebels, Freedom Fighters, and Terrorists Turn to Cyberspace
Dorothy Denning. Harvard International Review, Summer 2001.
Asymmetry and Adaptive Command
D. Robert Worley. Military Review, July-August 2001.
Steven Metz. Military Review, July-August 2001.
Deciphering Asymmetry's Word Game
Lieutenant Colonel Timothy L. Thomas. Military Review (July/August 2001)
President's Commission on Critical
Infrastructure Protection: Documents
Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office Website. July 2001.
Modern Conflict: The Reality
Steele, Robert. 20 June 2001. Posted on the Defense and National
Preparing the U.S. Army for Homeland
Security: Concepts, Issues, and Options
Eric V. Larson and John E. Peters. Santa Monica, CA: Rand
Corporation, 8 June 2001.
Corralliing the Trojan Horse: A Proposal for
Improving U.S. Urban Operations Preparedness in the Period
Russell W. Glenn, Randall Steeb and John Matsumura. Santa Monica,
CA: Rand Corporation, 08 June 2001.
Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies
Johns Hopkins University. June 2001.
Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response
Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
James Clapper, Jr. Testimony before the Subcommittee on
Technology, Terrorism and Government Information before the Senate
Committee on the Judiciary, 27 June 2001.
Biological Weapons in the Twentieth Century
Milton Leitenberg. Paper prepared for the 7th International Symposium on Protection against Chemical and Biological Warfare, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2001. Posted on FAS Website.
Training, Not Technology, Is Key to Urban Warfare
Robert K. Ackerman. SIGNAL Magazine, May 2001.
Anticipating the Nature of the Next Conflict
G.I. Wilson, F. Bunkers, and J.P. Sullivan. EmergencyNet. May 2001.
Major Donald E. Vandergriff. Defense and the National Interest. April 2001
Can "Airpower" Counter the Asymmetric Threat?: Factors Influencing the Employment of Air-Power Against International Terrorists Threats
Robert S. Barr. USAF Air University, April 2001.
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas K. Adams, US Army, Retired. Military Review (March/April 2001). Posted on the C4I website.
Non-Lethal Weapons: A Progress Report
Steven Metz. Joint Force Quarterly, Spring/Summer 2001.
A New Twist in Unconventional War: Undermining Airpower
Gary C. Webb. Joint Force Quarterly, Spring/Summer 2001.
A Note on Interests, Values, and the Use of Force
Jeffrey Record. Parameters (Spring 2001)
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign
Raphael F. Perl. CRS Issue Brief for Congress. Washington DC:
CRS, March 2001. Posted on the US State Dept. Foreign Press Centers
Growing Global Migration and Its Implications for the United States
Washington DC: National Intelligence Council, March 2001.
Proliferation: Threat and Response.
William Cohen. Washington DC: Office of the Secretary of
Defense, January 2001. Posted on the Federation of American Scientists website.
Asymmetry and US Military Strategy: Definition, Background, and Strategic Concepts.
Steven Metz and Douglas V. Johnson II. Carlisle PA: US Army
Strategic Studies Institute, January 2001 (.pdf file).
Spirit, Blood, and Treasure: Why It Is Time to Adapt to Changing Conditions. Introduction.
Franklin Spinney, John Sayen, and Donald E. Vandergriff. Presidio Press, 2001. Posted on belisarius.com.
Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism
Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction
The Gilmore Commission.
Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, 14 December 2000.
The Al-Aqsa Intifada: Case Study in Fourth Generation Warfare
Defense and the National Interest. December 2000.
Asymmetric Warfare: Old Method, New Concern
David L. Grange. National Strategy Forum Review, Winter 2000 (.pdf file).
"Asymmetric Warfare", The USS Cole, and the Intifada
The Estimate, 3 November 2000
Task Force Ranger: A Case Study Examining the Application of Advanced Technologies in Modern Urban Warfare
Frank H. Akers, Jr. and George B. Singleton. Y-12 National Security Complex, U.S. Department of Energy, November 2000. Posted on the Oak Ridge National Laboratory website.
Transnational Threats: Blending Law Enforcement and Military Strategies
Carolyn W. Pumphrey, ed. Carlisle: USAWC Strategic Studies Institute, November 2000.
Revenge of the Melians: Asymmetric Threats and the Next QDR
Kenneth McKenzie, Jr. McNair Paper 62, November 2000.
Sticks and Stones Can Break an Army
Stan Crock. Business Week Online,27 October 2000.
Intelligence Gathering Asymmetric Threats - Part One
Kevin O'Brien and Joseph Nusbaum. Jane's Online, 12 October 2000.
Papers from the Conference on Homeland Protection (pdf download)
Max G. Manwaring, ed. Strategic Studies Institute, Washington, DC. October 2000.
John Boyd: Architect of Modern Warfare
Robert Coram. Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine, Fall 2000. Posted on the War, Chaos and Business website.
States and Casualty Phobia: Implications for Force Structure and
Jeffrey Record. Occasional Paper No. 18. Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College. September 2000.
An Assessment of the Biological Weapons Threat to the United
Milton Leitenberg. Paper prepared for the Conference on Emerging Threats Assessment at the Institute for Security Technology Studies, Dartmouth College, 7-9 July 2000. Posted on the FAS Website.
and Command: Implications for Military Operations in the Twenty-First
Lt. Col. William B. McClure. Occasional Paper No. 15.
Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College. July 2000.
Countering the Changing Threat of
Report of the National Commission on Terrorism to Congress, June
2000. Posted on the FAS Website.
Force-Protection Fetishism Sources, Consequences, and (?) Solutions
Jeffrey Record. Airpower Journal, Summer 2000.
Dorothy E. Denning. Testimony before the
Special Oversight Panel on Terrorism, US House Committee on Armed
Services, 23 May 2000. Posted on Dorthy Denning Homepage.
Winn Schwartau. Orbis (Spring 2000). Findarticles.com.
Rethinking Bio-Chemical Dangers.
Henry Sokolski. Orbis (Spring, 2000). Posted on the Global Beat website.
Armed Conflict in the 21st Century: The Information Revolution and Post-Modern Warfare
Steven Metz. Strategic Studies Institute, Army War College. March 2000
A New Form of Warfare
James J. Schneider. Military Review (January/February 2000)
The Global Infectious Disease Threat and
Its Implications for the United States
David F. Gordon. Washington DC: National Intelligence Council,
Arms Control, Technology, and the Revolution in Military Affairs
Anthony Cordesman. Washington, DC: Center for
Strategic and International Studies, January 2000.
The Strategic Implications of Terrorism
Paul Wilkinson. In Terrorism and Political Violence: A Sourcebook, ed., M.L.Sondhi. Indian Council of Social Science Research. Har-anand Publications, 2000. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).
Observations on the Threats of Chemical and
Henry L. Hinton. Washington DC: Government Accounting Office, 20
Buck Rogers or Rock Throwers
Report from a conference sponsored by National Intelligence
Council (NIC), Armed Forces Journal International, and the National Security Studies
Program, Georgetown University, 14 October 1999. Posted on the NIC
Jonathan B. Tucker. Forum for Applied Research and Public
State Failure Project: Internal Wars &
Failures of Governance, 1954-1996
Center for International Development and Conflict Management,
University of Maryland, College Park. June 1999.
Information Warfare: Hype or Reality?
E. Anders Eriksson. The Nonproliferation Review (Spring-Summer 1999). (.pdf file).
The Real Revolution in Military Affairs...or...Can NATO Cope with 4th Generation War?
Chuck Spinney. Defense and the National Interest, May 29, 1999.
Transnational Threats From the Middle East: Crying Wolf or Crying Havoc?
Anthony Cordesman. CSIS Middle East Studies Report. 15 January 1999. Posted on the Strategic Studies Institute website.
Rethinking War: The Mouse's
Martin Libicki. Foreign Policy, Winter 1999/2000. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).
the New Terrorism (pdf download)
Ian Lesser, et al. Santa
Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, 1999.
The Asymmetric Threat: Listening to the Debate
Robert David Steele. Joint Force Quarterly (Autumn/Winter 1998-1999)
David Shearer. Foreign
Asymmetric Warfare and the Threat to the American Homeland
Joseph C. Cyrulik. Landpower Essay Series, No. 99-8. November 1998. Institute of Land Warfare, AUSA.
Takedown: The Asymmetric Threat to the Nation
Robert David Steele. 22 June 1998. (.doc document, save to computer).
Urban Warfare: Options, Problems and the Future
Daryl G. Press. January 1999 Summary from a conference sponsored by the MIT Security Studies Program, Cambridge, MA, 20 May 1998.
A Weapon For All Seasons: The Old But Effective RPG-7 Promises to Haunt the Battlefields of Tomorrow
Lester W. Grau. Infantry, May-August 1998. Posted on the Foreign Military Studies Office Publications website.
Asymmetric Warfare, the Evolution and Devolution of Terrorism: The Coming Challenge For Emergency and National Security Forces
Clark L. Staten. Emergency Response & Research Institute. 27 April 1998.
Asymmetric Warfare, the Evolution and Devolution of Terrorism; The Coming Challenge for Emergency and National Security Forces
Clark L. Staten. Defense and the National Interest, 27 April 1998.
Marching Under Darkening Skies: The American Military and the Impending Urban Operations Threat
Russell W. Glenn. RAND, 1998.
From Strategic Assessment. Institute for National Security Studies, 1998.
Western Operational Theory: Breaking the Industrial Paradigm