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Key excerpts from the 18 January 2006 draft of the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review
24 January 2006
Editor's note: On 23 January 2006, InsideDefense.com published 42 pages of material excerpted from a 127-page "draft working paper" version of the QDR dated 18 January 2006. This is a selection (about 6% of the total QDR text) from those excerpts designated "key" by this editor. -- Charles Knight.
From "Fighting The Long War" Pp. 23-26
Operational Lessons Learned
Having the Authorities and Resources to Build Partnership Capacity: Recent operations demonstrate the value critical importance of being organized to work with and through others, and of shifting emphasis from performing tasks ourselves to enabling others. They also underscore the importance of adopting a more indirect approach to achieve common objectives.
Recent efforts to build partnership capacity also highlight the importance of flexible access to funding through programs such as the Commander's Emergency Response Program (CERP)…
…operational agility has not yet been matched by the availability of sufficiently broad authorities…
[from the Summary section] Authorities that permit nimble and adaptive policies, processes and institutions -- domestic and international -- are essential adjuncts to the military capability needed to address the rapidly evolving security challenges around the globe.
From "Operationalizing the Strategy" Pp. 54-58
Refining the Department's Force Planning Construct for Wartime
Surge -- wage two nearly simultaneous conventional campaigns (or one conventional campaign if already engaged in a large-scale, long-duration irregular campaign), while selectively reinforcing deterrence against opportunistic acts of aggression. Be prepared in one of the two campaigns to remove a hostile regime …and set conditions for the transition to, or for the restoration of, civil society.
From "Reorienting Capabilities and Forces" Pp. 58-86
Based on the Operational Availability analysis, other related assessments, and extensive senior leader discussions, the Department concluded that the size of today's forces -- both the Active and Reserve Components across all four Services -- is appropriate to meet current and projected operational demands. At the same time, these analyses highlighted the need to continue re-balancing the mix of joint capabilities and forces.
Joint Ground Forces
Future warriors will be as proficient in irregular operations, including counterinsurgency and stabilization operations, as they are today in high-intensity combat. They will be modular in structure at all levels, largely self-sustaining, and capable of operating both in traditional formations as well as disaggregating into smaller, autonomous units. They will be able to sustain long-duration irregular operations, while exploiting reach-back to non-deployed elements of the force.
To achieve future joint ground force characteristics and build on progress to date, the Department will:
Special Operations Forces
SOF will increase their capacity to perform more demanding and specialized tasks, especially long-duration, indirect and clandestine operations in politically sensitive environments and denied areas. For direct action, they will possess an expanded organic ability to locate, tag, and track dangerous individuals and other highvalue targets globally. SOF will also have greater capacity to detect, locate, and render safe WMD. For unconventional warfare and training foreign forces, future SOF will have the capacity to operate in dozens of countries simultaneously. SOF will have increased ability to train and work with partners, employ surrogates, operate clandestinely, and sustain a larger posture with lower visibility. SOF will sustain current language and cultural skills while increasing regional proficiency specific to key geographic operational areas: the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Longer duration operations will emphasize building personal relationships with foreign military and security forces and other indigenous assets to achieve common objectives.
To achieve the future force characteristics for SOF and build on progress to date, the Department will:
Joint Air Capabilities
Progress to Date
Consistent with these future force characteristics, the Air Expeditionary Forces (AEF) concept has matured over the last four years, increasing personnel available for deployment by 20% (51,000). Since 200 1, Air Force Joint Tactical Attack Controllers (JTACs), many attached to SOF units, have directed over 85% of air strikes in Afghanistan.
The Department is continuing to reconfigure its strategic bomber fleet for enhanced conventional long-range strike missions. Satellite communications now permit near-instantaneous re-targeting of bombers and cruise missiles in flight. The integration of smart standoff weapons keeps older systems like the B-52 relevant in the modern, high-threat battlespace. New weapons provide increased capacity: the new 500-pound Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) gives a single B-2 the ability to strike 80 separate targets, with precision, in all weather. The Air Force has set a goal of increasing its longrange strike capabilities by 50% and the penetrating component of long-range strike by a factor of five by 2025. Approximately 35% of the future long-range strike force will be unmanned. The capacity for joint air forces to conduct global conventional strikes against time-sensitive targets will also be increased.
To achieve the future joint force characteristics and build on progress to date, the Department will plans to:
Joint Maritime Capabilities
The fleet will have greater presence in the Pacific Ocean, consistent with the global shift of trade and transport. Accordingly, the Navy plans to adjust its force posture and basing to provide at least six operationally available and sustainable carriers and 60% of its submarines in the Pacific to support engagement, presence, and deterrence.
Progress to Date
Applying distributed operating concepts, the Navy increased the number of available independent strike groups from 19 to 36. The Fleet Response Plan (FRP) modified the Navy's tiered readiness posture to increase the amount of time a ship or other naval unit is fully ready to deploy. The FRP produces adaptable force packages and sustains higher readiness throughout a unit's operational cycle, decreasing the Fleet's down time and enabling immediate deployment of six of the Navy's eleven carrier strike groups, with the addition of two more within 90 days. Rotational crewing has further increased the operational availability of forces by up to 33%.
In 2003, the Navy began converting four of the oldest nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to guided missile and special operations platforms. The four submarines will re-enter service by September 2007. Modifications will allow embarked Special Operations Force (SOF) personnel to penetrate denied areas to locate high-value individuals, designate targets for precision strike, or conduct direct action missions against WMD facilities. Each submarine will also carry more 150 Tomahawk cruise missiles.
To achieve the future joint maritime force characteristics and build on progress to date, the Department will:
Tailored Deterrence / New Triad
Progress to Date
Ballistic missile defenses have begun limited operations to defend against a range of potential threats as development, testing, and fielding continue. In late 2004, the Navy began limited defensive operations in the Sea of Japan to identify and track ballistic missile launches aimed at the United States or its allies.
The U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) has been assigned a number of new missions, including global strike; integration of global missile defense; space operations; integration of command, control, communications, and intelligence; and combating WMD.
To achieve the characteristics of the future joint force and build on progress to date, the Department will:
In accordance with Section 131 of the Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006, the Department provides the following assessment of the inter-theater airlift capabilities:
To achieve the characteristics of the future joint mobility force and build on progress to date, the Department will also:
From "Developing a 21st Century Force" Pp. 104-107
Reconfiguring the Total Force
In particular, the Reserve Component must be operationalized, so that select Reservists and units are more accessible and more readily deployable than today. During the Cold War, the Reserve Component was used, appropriately, as a "strategic reserve," to provide support to Active Component forces during major combat operations. In today's global context, this concept is less relevant. As a result, the Department will:
Additionally, the Military Departments will explore the creation of all-volunteer Reserve units with high-demand capabilities, and the Military Departments and Combatant Commanders will expand the concept of contracted volunteers...
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