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Security Policy Working Group


The Effect of Recent Military Operations on America's Armed Forces
Reference Material


19 October 2004

Updated 18 October 2004.
If you have suggested additions to this collection please send them to Charles Knight, Project on Defense Alternatives.



Official Sites, Official Reports, and Congressional Testimony

Research Institute Reports and Specialized Websites

News and Brief Analysis

Opinion

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Official Sites, Official Reports, and Congressional Testimony

DoD Official Roster of all National Guard and Reserve personnel currently mobilized, 29 September 2004.
http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Sep2004/d20040929.pdf

"Reserve Strength Trends by Reserve Component 1993-2003", FY03 Report, page 158, DoD Directorate for Information Operations and Reports.

"Reserve and Guard Mobilization 2001-2004" from the Air National Guard Conflict 21 page.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/guardreservemobtab.html

"Defense Manpower Requirements Report, Fiscal Year 2005," Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, DoD, March 2004.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/05defmanpower.pdf

Military Personnel Statistics, DoD Directorate for Information Operations and Reports.

Lawrence J. Korb, Testimony before the Congressional Overseas Basing Commission, 02 September 2004.
http://www.cdi.org/document/search/displaydoc.cfm?DocumentID=2418&StartRow=1&ListRows=10

Douglas Macgregor, "Army Transformation: Implications for the Future," Testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, 15 July 2004.
http://www.comw.org/pda/fulltext/0704macgregor.pdf

Janet A. St. Laurent, "Observations on Recent National Guard Use in Overseas and Homeland Missions and Future Challenges," Testimony before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, 29 April 2004.
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04670t.pdf

"Prepared Statement of The Honorable David S. C. Chu, Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness) Before the Military Personnel Subcommittee," Senate Armed Services Committee, 11 March 2003.
http://armed-services.senate.gov/statemnt/2003/March/Chu.pdf



Research Institute Reports and Specialized Websites

Army Transformation Page, Project on Defense Alternatives.
http://www.comw.org/rma/fulltext/ustrans.html

Pat Towell, "Forging the Sword: Unitmanning in the US Army," Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessment, October 2004.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/0410towell.pdf

"Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Address Long-term Reserve Force Availability and Related Mobilization and Demobilization Issues," GAO, September 2004.
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d041031.pdf

Jeremy Barnicle and Leif Wellington Haase, "Legions Stretched Thin: The U.S. Armys Manpower Crisis," The Century Foundation, 27 September 2004.
http://www.tcf.org/Publications/InternationalAffairs/legionsrc.pdf

Michael O'Hanlon, "The Need to Increase the Size of the Deployable Army," Parameters, Autumn 2004. http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/parameters/04autumn/ohanlon.pdf

Nina M. Serafino, "Peacekeeping and Related Stability Operations: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement," CRS, 9 August 2004.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/0408serafino.pdf

Andrew F. Krepinevich, "The Thin Green Line," Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessment, August 2004.
http://www.csbaonline.org/4Publications/Archive/B.20040812.GrnLne/B.20040812.GrnLne.pdf

Andrew Feickert, "U.S. Armys Modular Redesign: Issues for Congress," CRS, 19 July 2004.
http://www.fas.org/man/crs/RL32476.pdf

Charles W. Hoge, et al, "Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, Mental Health Problems, and Barriers to Care," New England Journal of Medicine, 01 July 2004.
http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/351/1/13

Edward F. Bruner, "Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States?," CRS, 28 May 2004.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/0405bruner.pdf

"Options for Changing The Army's Overseas Basing," CBO, May 2004.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/05-03-ArmyOBasing.pdf

"Turbulence, Tempo, and Rotation: An Army in Motion" in "Toward an Expeditionary Army," RAND Arroyo Center Annual Report, 2003.
http://www.rand.org/publications/AR/AR7088.pdf#page=13

Bruce Nardulli, "The Global War on Terrorism: An Early Look at Implications for the Army," RAND DB416, 2003.
http://www.rand.org/publications/DB/DB416/DB416.pdf

J. Michael Polich, Ron Sortor, "Deployments and Army Personnel Tempo," RAND MR-1417-A, 2001.
http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1417/

Claire M. Levy, Harry Thie, Jerry M. Sollinger, Jennifer H. Kawata, "Army PERSTEMPO in the Post Cold War Era," RAND MR-1032-OSD, 2000.
http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1032/index.html

W. Michael Hix, et al, "Personnel Turbulence: The Policy Determinants of Permanent Change of Station Moves," RAND MR-938-A, 1998.
http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR938/

W. Michael Hix, J. Michael Polich, Thomas F. Lippiatt, "Army Stationing [in Europe] and Rotation Policy," RAND DB-421-A, 2003 [based on research completed in 1997].
http://www.rand.org/publications/DB/DB421/DB421.pdf

Iraq Coalition Casualty Count.
http://icasualties.org/oif/default.aspx



News and Brief Analysis

Thomas E. Ricks, "General Reported Shortages In Iraq," Washington Post, 18 October 2004.
http://rempost.blogspot.com/2004/10/general-reported-shortages-in-iraq.html

Jeremy Hudson, "Platoon Defies Orders in Iraq," The Clarion-Ledger, 15 October 2004.
http://www.truthout.org/docs_04/101604X.shtml

Thomas Caywood, "Troops let Guard down: Mass. National Guard faces recruiting crisis," Boston Herold, 13 October 2004.
http://rempost.blogspot.com/2004/10/troops-let-guard-down-mass-national.html

Vince Crawley, "Not enough troops to keep pace, study says," Navy Times, 04 October 2004.

"Army to Call Up 5,000 More Ex-Soldiers in 20005," Reuters, 01 October 2004.
http://www.truthout.org/docs_04/100404Y.shtml

Mark Mazzetti, "U.S. Military Is Stretched Too Thin, Defense Board Warns," Los Angles Times, 30 September 2004.
http://fairuse.1accesshost.com/news2/latimes322.htm

"General: Guard to fall short of recruiting goals," MSNBC, 23 September 2004.
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6083450/print/1/displaymode/1098/

Eric Schmitt, "General Warns of Looming Shortage of Specialists," New York Times, 17 September 2004.
http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0715F63D5D0C748DDDA00894DC404482&n=Top%2fNews%2fWorld%2fCountries%20and%20Territories%2fIraq

Sarah Kershaw, "Governors Tell of War's Impact on Local Needs," New York Times, 20 July 2004.
http://www.truthout.org/docs_04/072104C.shtml

Thomas E. Ricks, "U.S. Army Changed by Iraq, but for Better or Worse?," Washington Post, 06 July 2004.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A29619-2004Jul5?language=printer

Phillip Carter, "Hollow Force: Has Iraq stretched the U.S. military to its breaking point?" Slate, 23 April 2004.
http://www.slate.com/id/2099408/

Michael Smith, "Army 'can't go to war for five years'" The Independent, 25 March 2004.
http://www.comw.org/rma/fulltext/0403smith.pdf

Lawrence J. Korb, "How to Update the Army's Reserves," Foreign Affairs, March/April 2004.
http://www.americanprogress.org/site/pp.asp?c=biJRJ8OVF&b=34797

James Fallows, "The Hollow Army," Atlantic Monthly, March 2004.
http://rempost.blogspot.com/2004/09/hollow-army-by-james-fallows-mar-01-04.html

Tom Squitieri, "Congress pushes for larger military," USA Today, 12 December 2003.
http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2003-12-12-army_x.htm

Matt Kelley, "Pentagon repositioning for decades-long war on terror," Associated Press, 25 October 2003.
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/news/archive/2003/10/25/national1257EDT0540.DTL&type=printable

Robert Schlesinger, "Army Reserve battling an exodus," Boston Globe, 23 September 2003.
http://www.globalsecurity.org/org/news/2003/031123-army.htm

Bill Burke, "Reservists say they remain in Iraq with no mission," The Virginian-Pilot, 14 September 2003.
http://www.globalsecurity.org/org/news/2003/030914-reserve01.htm

Robert Merriman, "Rotation Plan Confirms Army Is Overstressed," DefenseWatch, 04 September 2003.
http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,Defensewatch_090403,00.html

Ann Scott Tyson, "Troop morale in Iraq hits 'rock bottom'," Christian Science Monitor, 07 July 2003.
http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0707/p02s01-woiq.htm

Pat Towell, "Congress Lumbers Toward Developing An Agile Military," Congressional Quarterly Weekly, 10 May 2003.
http://www.oft.osd.mil/library/library_files/article_82_Congressional%20Quarterly%20Weekly.doc



Opinion

Michael E. O'Hanlon, "A Matter of Force--and Fairness," The Washington Post, 1 October 2004.
http://www.brook.edu/views/op-ed/ohanlon/20041001.htm

William Lind, "Destroying The National Guard," Washington Dispatch.com, 27 September 2004.
http://www.antiwar.com/lind/?articleid=3651

Cindy Williams, "Forget the Draft: Fix the volunteer force and they will come," Government Executive Magazine, 15 September 2004.
http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/0409williams.pdf

P.J. Crowley, "Taking the Stress Off Our Troops," Center for American Progress, 17 August 2004.
http://www.americanprogress.org/site/pp.asp?c=biJRJ8OVF&b=139895

R.L. Brownlee and Gen. Peter J. Schoomaker, "New moves set stage for a stronger, combat-ready force," Army News Service, 05 August 2004.
http://www.defense-aerospace.com/cgi-bin/client/[email protected]AACcs2SEAAAAS&modele=verbatim

Lawrence J. Korb, "Will U.S. Army be Iraq war's next casualty?" Houston Chronicle, 26 May 2004.
[Google cache version] http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:75FiQ-VbROUJ:www.chron.com/cs/CDA/ssistory.mpl/editorial/outlook/2594042+%22Lawrence+J.+Korb%22+%22Will+U.S.+Army+be+Iraq+war%27s+next+casualty%3F%22&hl=en

David H. Hackworth, "Voting with Their Feet," 24 May 2004.
http://www.sftt.org/cgi-bin/csNews/csNews.cgi?command=viewone&id=72&database=Hacks%20Target.db

Winslow T. Wheeler, "Military readiness likely to emerge again as campaign issue," Army Times, 22 March 2004.
http://cdi.org/program/document.cfm?DocumentID=2139&StartRow=11&ListRows=10&&Orderby=D.DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=37&typeID=(8)&from_page=relateditems.cfm

Daniel Sneider, "Iraq, Afghanistan are stretching U.S. troops to the limit," The Miami Herald, 21 January 2004.

Charles Knight and Marcus Corbin, "The New Occupation: How Preventive War is Wrecking the Military," Security Policy Working Group, 04 January 2004.
http://www.comw.org/pda/0401knightcorbin.html

Edwin Dorn, "Keeping a strong military requires adding troops," Austin American-Statesman, 02 January 2004.
http://www.utexas.edu/lbj/dean/military_oped.html

Thomas Donnelly, "Underwhelming Force," The Weekly Standard, 17 November 2003.
http://www.aei.org/news/filter.,newsID.19441/news_detail.asp

David T. Pyne, "Iraq War Stretching US Army to Breaking Point," IntellectualConservative.com, 24 October 2003.
http://www.intellectualconservative.com/article2782.html

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Four Wars and Counting:  The Need for a New Approach to Strategy and Force Planning," Center for Strategic and International Studies, 27 August 2003.
http://www.csis.org/burke/reports/030827fourwars.pdf



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