terrorism, counter-terrorism

Sponsored by Project on Defense Alternatives            Editor: Carl Conetta.            05 February 2008


TERRORISM & COUNTER-TERRORISM Terrorism, its nature and sources
Terrorist groups, incidents, targets
Financial Aspects
Bin Laden and Al Qaeda
Counter-terror strategy & programs
US War on Terror:
     Plans, Costs, Effects

Legal Issues & Human Rights
Terrorism & WMDs
Terrorism & Informational Warfare
Terrorism &
     regional security issues

Sept. 11 attack
Resource sites

Organization & cost
Armed forces roles and issues
Intelligence and warning
General Transport
Rail & Road
Port & Maritime
Border & Immigration
Critical infrastructure
Cyber security
First responders &
     local preparedness

Health system preparedness
Securing agriculture
Miscellaneous problems & Issues
Technology & techniques
Legislation & legal issues
WMDs and homeland security
Resource sites







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International Terrorism and the Threat of a Dirty Bomb
Maxim Worcester. Institut für Strategie- Politik- Sicherheits- und Wirtschaftsberatung (ISPSW), Berlin, 25 January 2008 (.pdf file).

Some Simple Security Steps
Michael Levi. The Washington Times, 05 December 2007. Posted on the Council on Foreign Relations website.

Out of Harm's Way: Safeguarding Nuclear Materials
S&TR, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, December 2007 (.pdf file).

Keeping WMD From Terrorists: An Interview with 1540 Committee Chairman Ambassador Peter Burian
Interviewed by Miles A. Pomper and Peter Crail. Arms Control Association, November 2007.

Nuclear Terrorism's Fatal Assumptions
Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley. The Bulletin Online, 23 October 2007.

Securing the Bomb 2007
Matthew Bunn. Commissioned by the Nuclear Threat Initiative, September 2007 (.pdf file).

Attractiveness of WMD for Radical Islamist Movements: Ideological Constraints, Black-Spots and Failed-Weak States
Andrea Plebani. Strategic Insights, Center for Contemporary Conflict, August 2007 (.pdf file).

Terrorism, Organized Crime, and WMD Smuggling: Challenge and Response
Phil Williams. Strategic Insights, Center for Contemporary Conflict, August 2007.

Organized Crime, Terrorism and Nuclear Trafficking
Lyudmila Zaitseva. Strategic Insights, Center for Contemporary Conflict, August 2007.

Pakistan's Nuclear Assets and Threats of Terrorism: How Grave is the Danger?
Zafar Ali. Stimson Center, July 2007 (.pdf file).

An Unrealized Nexus: WMD-related Trafficking, Terrorism, and Organized Crime in the Former Soviet Union
Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley. Arms Control Today, July/August 2007.

Following the Clues: The Role of Forensics in Preventing Nuclear Terrorism
Sidney Niemeyer and David K. Smith. Arms Control Today, July/August 2007.

Nuclear Terrorism: A U.S. Perspective
Steven Monblatt. British American Security Information Council, 25 April 2007 (.pdf file).

Preventing Nuclear Terrorism in Pakistan
Abdul Mannan. Stimson Center, April 2007 (.pdf file).

Strategies to Prevent Bioterrorism: Biosecurity Policies in the United States and Germany
Jonathan B. Tucker. Disarmament Diplomacy, The Acronym Institute, Spring 2007.

The CBRN System: Assessing The Threat of Terrorist Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Weapons in the United Kingdom
Paul Cornish. Chatham House, February 2007. (NOTE: Will open as a .pdf file).

Preventing Nuclear Terrorism: The Moscow-Washington Alliance
Ken Berry. East West Institute, February 2007 (.pdf file).

25 Steps to Prevent Nuclear Terror: A Guide for Policymakers
Brian D. Finlay and Elizabeth Turpen. Henry L. Stimson Center, January 2007 (.pdf file).

U.S.-Russian Collaboration in Combating Radiological Terrorism
Committee on Opportunities for U.S.-Russian Collaboration in Combating Radiological Terrorism, Office for Central Europe and Eurasia. National Academies Press, 2007.

The Biological Threat Reduction Program of the Department of Defense: From Foreign Assistance to Sustainable Partnerships
Committee on Prevention of Proliferation of Biological Weapons, Office for Central Europe and Eurasia. National Academies Press, 2007.

Global Fissile Material Report 2007
International Panel on Fissile Materials, 2007 (.pdf file).

Assessing the Nexus of Proliferation and Terrorism
Robert S. Litwak. Ridgway Center for International Security Studies, University of Pittsburgh, 2007 (.pdf file).

Radiological Terrorism
NATO, 31 December 2006. Posted on the Policy Pointers website.

Anti-Nuclear Terrorism Principles Issued
Wade Boese. Arms Control Today, December 2006.

How to Get a Nuclear Bomb
William Langewiesche. The Atlantic Monthly, December 2006.

Strategic Study on Bioterrorism
Jennifer Mackby. Center for Strategic and International Studies, 16 October 2006. Posted on the Commonwealth Institute website (.pdf file).

Who Did It? Using International Forensics to Detect and Deter Nuclear Terrorism
William Dunlop and Harold Smith. Arms Control Today, October 2006.

Anti-Nuclear Terrorism Initiative Launched
Wade Boese. Arms Control Today, September 2006.

Nuclear Reprocessing: Dangerous, Dirty, and Expensive
Union of Concerned Scientists, 06 July 2006.

The Real Chemical Threat
Paul F. Walker and Jonathan B. Tucker. Los Angeles Times, 01 April 2006.

The Limitations of the Current U.S. Government Efforts to Secure the Global Supply Chain against Terrorists Smuggling a WMD and a Proposed Way Forward
Stephen E. Flynn. Council on Foreign Relations, 28 March 2006.

Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Challenges Facing U.S. Efforts to Deploy Radiation Detection Equipment in Other Countries and in the United States
Gene Aloise. Testimony before the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate, 28 March 2006 (.pdf file).

Terror Risks of Nuclear Fuel
Mark Clayton. Christian Science Monitor, 16 March 2006.

Plagued by Errors: New Approach Needed to Tackle Proliferation Threats from Anti-Plague System
Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley. Arms Control Today, March 2006.

Nuclear Smuggling, Rogue State and Terrorists
Rensselaer Lee. China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute, 2006 (.pdf file).

War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda
Jonathan B. Tucker. Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2006.

Does Intent Equal Capability? Al-Qaeda and Weapons of Mass Destruction
Sammy Salama and Lydia Hansell. Nonproliferation Review, November 2005 (.pdf file).

Terrorism: Blood Feuds
Josh Schollmeyer. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2005.

Biowarfare Lessons, Emerging Biosecurity Issues, and Ways to Monitor Dual-Use Biotechnology Trends in the Future
Helen E. Purkitt. Institute for National Security Studies, U.S. Air Force, September 2005 (.pdf file).

Pathways to the Bomb: Security of Fissile Materials Abroad
Rose Gottemoeller. Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Prevention of Nuclear and Biological Attack, U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security, 28 June 2005. Posted on the Carnegie Endowment website (.pdf file).

Terrorism and WMDs
Michael D. Intriligator. Economists for Peace and Security, June 2005.

Designing a Multi-Layered Defense Against Nuclear Terror
Matthew Bunn, Managing the Atom Project. Presentation for Homeland Security Advisory Council Task Force on Weapons of Mass Effect, 13 June 2005. Posted on BCSIA web site.

Al-Qaeda's Nuclear Ambitions
Economists for Peace and Security, June 2005.

Reducing the Threat of Nuclear Terrorism: A Review of the Department of Energy's Global Threat Reduction Initiative
Charles D. Ferguson II. Testimony Before the U.S. House of Representatives Energy and Commerce Committee, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, 24 May 2005.

Preventing Nuclear Terrorism
Patrick M. Cronin. CSIS, 04 April 2005 (.pdf file).

The Challenge of Biological Terrorism
Anthony Cordesman. CSIS, 13 April 2005 (.pdf file).

The Seven Myths of Nuclear Terrorism
Matthew Bunn and Anthony Wier. Current History, Harvard University April 2005 (.pdf file).

Bayes Bugs Bioterrorists: Lessons Learned from the Anthrax Attacks
Kimberly M. Thompson, Robert E. Armstrong, and Donald F. Thompson Center for Technology and National Security Policy National Defense University April 2005 (.pdf file).

Managing the Dirty Bomb Threat
John Gleeson. BASIC Papers, Feb 2005.

Nuclear Terrorism: A Brief Review of Threats and Responses
Jonathan Medalia. CRS Report for Congress, 10 February 2005 (.pdf file).

Strengthening Long-Term Nuclear Security: Protecting Weapon-Usable Material in Russia (2005)
National Academies Press, 2005.

Diversion of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons Expertise From the Former Soviet Union
John V. Parachini et al. RAND, 2005 (.pdf file).

Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons
Dana A. Shea. Congressional Research Service, 20 May 2004 (.pdf file).

Osmium Tetroxide - a New Chemical Terrorism Weapon?
Michelle Baker and Margaret E. Kosal. Center for Non Proliferation Studies, 13 April 2004.

How to Stop Nuclear Terror
Graham Allison. Foreign Affairs, January/February 2004.

Terrorist Potatoes
John Feffer. Tom Paine, 06 January 2004.

Countering the al-Qaeda WMD Threat
Jack Boureston and Charles Mahaffey. Strategic Insights, 3 November 2003. Center for Contemporary Conflict.

Biosecurity:  Limiting Terrorist Access to Deadly Pathogens
Jonathan B. Tucker. Peaceworks No. 52. US Institute of Peace, November 2003.

Preventing Nuclear Terrorism:  a Progress Update
Matthew Bunn. Project on Managing the Atom, Harvard University & the Nuclear Threat Initiative, 22 October 2003.

Al-Qaeda and Mass Casualty Terrorism:  Assessing the Threat
Jack Boureston and Charles Mahaffey. Strategic Insights, 1 October 2003. Center for Contemporary Conflict.

Putting WMD Terrorism into Perspective
John Parachini. The Washington Quarterly, Autumn 2003 (.pdf file).

Briefing Paper on the Status of Biological Weapons Nonproliferation
Seth Brugger. Updated by Kerry Boyd. Arms Control Association, May 2003.

Bioterrorism:  Calibrating Threats and Responses
Brad Roberts. Issues & Insights Vol. 3 No. 3. CSIS Pacific Forum, May 2003.

2002 WMD Terrorism Chronology:  Incidents Involving Sub-National Actors and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Materials
Wayne Turnbull and Praveen Abhayaratne. Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 2003.

Al Qaeda's Nuclear Program: Through the Window of Seized Documents
David Albright. Policy Forum Online, Special Forum #47. The Nautilus Institute, 6 November 2002.

Preventing Nuclear Terrorism: 15 Recommendations
Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation, 8 October 2002.

Keeping Nuclear Weapons Out of Terrorist Hands
Philipp C. Bleek. Global Beat Syndicate, 1 October 2002.

The Technology of Megaterror
Richard L. Garwin. Technology Review, 1 September 2002. Posted on the Council of Foreign Relations web site.

The Technology of Megaterror
Richard L. Garwin. Technology Review, September 2002. Posted on the Council on Foreign Relations website.

The Larger Threat: Missile or Terrorist Bomb?
Defense and the National Interest, August 2002.

Enhancing Nuclear Security in the Counter-terrorism Struggle: India and Pakistan as a New Region for Cooperation
Rose Gotemoeller and Rebecca Longsworth. Carnegie Endowment Working Paper #29. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, August 2002.

Redefining NATO's Mission: Prevent WMD Terrorism
Richard G. Lugar. The Washington Quarterly, Summer 2002.

Chemical and Biological Weapons:Prospects and Priorities After September 11
Elisa D. Harris. The Brookings Review, Summer 2002.

Weapons of Mass Destruction:  The New Strategic Framework
U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda, July 2002. Posted on the U.S. State Department website (.pdf file).

Throw the Net Worldwide
Ashton B. Carter. The Washington Post, 12 June 2002. Posted on the UCLA website.

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Terrorism: The Threat According to the Current Unclassified Literature
Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University, 31 May 2002.

Repercussions: Who is Behind These Anthrax Letters?
Chip Berlet. The Public Eye, 29 May 2002. Political Research Associates.

Analysis of Anthrax Attacks
Barbara Hatch Rosenberg. Federation of American Scientists, 15 March 2002.

Biotechnology and Biochemical Weapons
Mark Wheelis. Nonproliferation Review, Spring 2002.

Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Terrorist Threat
Steve Bowman. Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, 7 March 2002. Posted on the Federation of American Scientists website.

FAS Testimony on Terrorist Nuclear Threat
Henry Kelly. Testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 6 March 2002. Posted on the Federation of American Scientists website.

Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, 1 January - 30 June 2001
Central Intelligence Agency, January 2002.

Counterterrorism & the Nonproliferation Regime
The Monitor. Center for International Trade and Security, Winter 2002.

Evaluating the Threat: Does Mass Biopanic Portend Mass Destruction?
Ed Regis. Scientific American, 16 December 2001.

Planting Fear: How Real is the Threat of Agricultural Terrorism?
Gavin Cameron, Jason Pate & Kathleen M. Vogel. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, September/October 2001.

Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction
Articles and analysis by Anthony Cordesman. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)

Special Report: Terrorist Attacks on America. Center for Nonproliferation Studies
     Terrorism, WMD, and Emergency Preparedness
     America's Response: Regional Issues and Implications
     Terrorism and WMDs -- Resources for Students and Teachers

Roundtable on the Implications of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks for Nonproliferation and Arms Control
Special section. Nonproliferation Review, Fall-Winter 2001.

Anthrax: Background Report
Eric Croddy. Monterey Institute of International Studies, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 9 October 2001.

CBW: Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance to Combat Bioterrorism and Natural Emerging Infections
Jonathan Tucker. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies, US Senate Committee on Appropriations, 3 October 2001.

Revisiting the Superterrorism Debate
Ehud Sprinzak. Foreign Policy, September/October 2001.

Ataxia: The Chem-Bio Terrorism Threat and the US Response
Report No. 35. Washington DC: Stimson Center, 25 July 2001.

Bioterrorism and Biocrimes: the Illicit Use of Biological Agents in the 20th Century
W. Seth Carus. Center for Counter- proliferation Research. Washington DC: National Defense University, February 2001, updated April 2001.

Not With Impunity: Assessing US Policy for Retaliating to a Chemical or Biological Attack
Harry W. Conley. USAF Air University, February 2001.

Risk assessment of terrorism with chemical and biological weapons
Jean Pascal Zanders, et. al. From SIPRI Yearbook 2000: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.

Assessing the Threat
First Annual Report to The President and The Congress of the Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction, 15 December 2000. Posted on the Medical and Public Health Law Site, Louisiana State University School of Law website.

Combating Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism: A Comprehensive Strategy
Frank J. Cilluffo, et al. Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 2000.

An Assessment of the Biological Weapons Threat to the United States
Milton Leitenberg. Paper prepared for the Conference on Emerging Threats Assessment at the Institute for Security Technology Studies, Dartmouth College, 7-9 July 2000. Posted on the FAS Website.

Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response
Atlanta, GA: Center for Disease Control, 21 April 2000.

Rethinking Bio-Chemical Dangers.
Henry Sokolski. Orbis (Spring, 2000).

Combating Terrorism: Observations on the Threat of Chemical and Biological Terrorism
Henry L. Hinton, Jr. Washington DC: General Accounting Office, 20 October 1999.

The New Terrorism: Does It Exist? How Real are the Risks of Mass Casualty Attacks?
A Conference co-sponsored by Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute and the Center for Global Security Research Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories, 29-30 April 1999.

An Unlikely Threat
Jonathan B. Tucker and Amy Sands. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (July/August 1999).

The Great Superterrorism Scare
Ehud Sprinzak. Foreign Policy, Fall 1998.

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